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1st International Congress on Culture: Cultures in Movement

As it is suggested, from the very beginning, by the name chosen for this 1st International Congress on Culture: Cultures in Movement, it aims do handle culture simultaneously as a single – Culture – and plural – Cultures – phenomenon.
In fact, the singularity and plurality are the effect of the dialectic that, from its own origin, is immanent in each one of the cultures: in one hand, it is the difference that attempts to escape identity, thus granting its own proper identity; on the other hand, it is the identity that attempts to abolish the differences, thus assuming itself as hegemonic difference.
Nevertheless, even though globalization emerges to us, today, as a kind of historical fatality, it is not an historical fatality the hegemony of a culture over any other. Culture was always an open field to struggles, exchanges, negotiations – and we do not forecast reasons for it not continuing to be so.
And, in this age of increasingly global fluxes, in which history does not move anymore at the seven leagues boots speed that was addressed by Hegel but, literally, at the speed of light, each one of the cultures was taken by some kind of vortex, by some spiral movement that makes everything tend to become liquid, to make use of the term popularised by Bauman.
No wonder, thus, that culture became a subject and a central problem of our time. That same centrality reveals itself, also, in the thematic areas of this Congress, that include development, technology, cultural policies, media, art, creative industries or gender and sexuality. Each one of those areas will uphold, certainly, a good space to discuss tendencies such as hegemony and counter-hegemony, change and preservation, interchange and isolation, conflict and dialogue.
Interchange and dialogue are the keywords here, considering firstly the origins of this Congress, which appears as an additional activity of academic and scientific cooperation that has been built over the last years between the Faculty of Arts and Letters of University of Beira Interior (by means of its Degree in Sciences of Culture) and the Institute of Humanity, Arts and Sciences of Federal University of Bahia, Brazil.
However, although the organization of the Congress speaks Portuguese, Portuguese must not be seen as an excluding factor of other languages and cultures.



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